In short, acupuncture is the process of inserting sterilized needles into various pre-designated parts of the body for natural treatment of health problems. No drugs or surgeries are used. Acupuncture is related to Traditional Chinese Medicine practices. In ancient times, the medical practitioners identified and marked acupuncture ‘pints’ in the whole human body. Manipulating these points through specially created acupuncture needles is the basic action course for relief.
The ‘Records of the Grand Historian’ or ‘Shiji’ (in Chinese) is considered to be the earliest written evidence of acupuncture treatment along with the ‘Yellow Emperors’ Inner Canon’, written during second century BCE. However, even the year of origination is uncertain. Even before the earliest written evidence, traces of acupuncture treatment can be found in the Stone Age when sharpened stones were used. This continued till the Neolithic age, evidence is the Shang Dynasty that existed within the period of 1600 BCE and 1100 BCE. It was with the Han Dynasty in 2nd century BCE when the use of sharpened stone was replaced with metal. Evidence of acupuncture treatment can also be seen in Europe – the mummified body of Otzi, the Caveman 5000 years ago has 15 acupuncture pressure points marked on the body with stone. Acupuncture evidence can also be found in Korean medical literature and Japanese traditional medicine.
An acupuncture therapist uses four methods of diagnosis for treatment.
Firstly, Inspection. Therapist concentrates on the facial features,especially a detailed analysis of the tongue.
Secondly, Auscultation. Therapist concentrates on body odor and sounds of the human body.
Thirdly Inquiring. Therapist concentrates on the “seven inquiries”, which as:
Chills and fever
Thirst and Taste
Defecation and Urination
Menses and Leukorrhea
Sometimes muscle palpitation and abdomen analysis is also essential in Japanese acupuncture diagnosis.
Fourthly, palpation. Therapist concentrates on measuring pulse pressure points and looking for ‘ashi’ (tender) points.
Acupuncture courses in ICHHAR concentrates on imparting a holistic teaching of all forms of acupuncture healing to its students. A thorough knowledge of this ancient medicine is of utmost importance for practice. Failing adherence to diagnosis processes and determining pressure points can lead to serious consequences for the patient.
In many Western countries, the healing power of acupuncture is still debatable. Science has only begun to accept its healing properties and with more research data and analysis, acupuncture is beginning to gain foothold in western medical practices. One should always visit certified acupuncture therapist healer. This healing technique enhances health and helps to maintain the yin – yang balance.